Subway car design affordances?

I’ve been thinking about the concept of affordances with regards to how subway cars are designed and used by riders. When the MTA designs subway cars, what do they take into consideration? Ease of entrance/exit? Maximizing number of passengers? Comfort? Passenger interaction? Cost? Are there social factors that the MTA may not take into consideration that they ought to? And with all these factors, what does the design encourage/afford passengers? What elements of this could we observe?

In the newer subway cars, they remove the curved seats in favor of flat benches. Has this impacted how people sit on the train?

Connecting this a bit with the Whyte reading, where he discuss factors for why people sit in certain plazas more than others: “People tend to sit most where there are places to sit” (28). He goes into more detail about what specifically people look for in seating, but the main point is that if plaza designers want people to seat, they should make lots of places for people to sit.

What does the MTA want to encourage in (social) subway behavior and it what why are cars designed (or not) to encourage this behavior?

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